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How does it work?

What are the processes or elements of a system?

What are the components? What are the steps in the sequence? What are the inputs and outputs? What are the contexts and influences?

A flow chart, timeline, or pictorial illustration may work well to illuminate how things work. Given that a process unfolds over time, small multiple graphics may be useful to show changes from one state to the next.

Some examples include:

• Illustrating judicial proceedings showing the stages in the path of a case;

• Diagramming how budgeting and procurement processes work; and

• Depicting the impacts of particular policies and the chain of events resulting from this.