Is there regularity within the data? What are the frequencies? Where do things diverge from the regularity?
What is the distribution? How are amounts or qualities distributed across another attribute, like time?
What are the deviations? What data points do not follow the pattern?
What are the proportions? How do the parts compare to each other? Showing disproportionate impact may be particularly useful for establishing a human rights abuse or fulfillment issue.
What are the rankings? What is the best? What is the worst?
Sometimes patterns can be revealed by using a single encoding, like position along a single axis, though combining multiple encodings may reveal additional insights.
Patterns of human rights abuse may reveal a lack of protection or a specific effort to target a population, or the disproportionate impact of a practice, policy, or law on particular groups or areas.