The right to health is multifaceted—consult the OHCHR’s Toolkit for guidance on its many attributes. At a local level, measures of health status and mortality are important, but also measures of access to drugs, clinics, and health services. This may be measured by city or provincial health authorities, or by local monitoring. Disaggregation of such data by relevant stratifiers and axes of discrimination can be enlightening.
At a national level, foreign aid and budget data, expenditures, taxes, and allocations for health at different levels of administration will be important. Data on key health indicators at the household level are available for many countries through ICF-Macro’s Demographic and Health Surveys and UNICEF’s Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys survey databases.
Key population size estimates can determine who is most effected by policies and what their health status is, how many cases there are, and if there are disproportionate impacts regarding who is already being reached and who is not, how to reach them, and how funding should be allocated.
At a global level, indicators from the World Health Organization and UN AIDS can illustrate health status and some measures of access and impact. However, health data quality is complicated and can be poor, particularly in relation to marginalized populations or criminalized communities.