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Poverty is both a cause and a consequence of human rights deprivations. The World Bank and UNDP maintain data on poverty and human development indicators. ICF-Macro’s Demographic and Health Surveys data can be disaggregated by wealth quintiles, as can UNICEF’s Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys and the World Bank’s Living Standards Measurement Study data.

UNDP’s Multidimensional Poverty Index complements monetary measures of poverty by considering other overlapping deprivations. The index identifies deprivations across the same three dimensions as the Human Development Index.

The Human Poverty Index is a composite index, which assesses three elements of deprivation in a country - longevity, knowledge, and a decent standard of living. The Global Multidimensional Poverty Index, developed by Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative with UNDP, measures acute poverty covering over 100 developing countries. It complements traditional income-based poverty measures by capturing the severe deprivations that each person faces at the same time with respect to education, health, and living standards. The Index of Social and Economic Rights Fulfillment (SERF Index) uses survey-based data published by national and international bodies to measure the performance of countries and sub-national units on the fulfillment of economic and social rights obligations.